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#!/usr/bin/env python2
#-*- coding:utf-8 -*-

from random import randint
import base64
import click

# Variables
knownMsgCiphertext = 'Q/sNhwC5Y7dxsqW4Lj33UTm/O5rETY7fJBnZ8uQwHY7A13v2cVF9Dyk0JLNekI0BX5h9vpe7F7lFpZ5G1g=='
knownMsgPlaintext = "I can't believe we finally managed to get this stuff working!"
knownMsgIv = 11266551

flagMsgCiphertext = 'L4aWT0CSKc/2sINvH5RBAaAQ5RSMOC0bhBpZnjBMjwHGTJpI'
flagMsgIv = 10777675

Sbox = (
    0x63, 0x7C, 0x77, 0x7B, 0xF2, 0x6B, 0x6F, 0xC5, 0x30, 0x01, 0x67, 0x2B, 0xFE, 0xD7, 0xAB, 0x76,
    0xCA, 0x82, 0xC9, 0x7D, 0xFA, 0x59, 0x47, 0xF0, 0xAD, 0xD4, 0xA2, 0xAF, 0x9C, 0xA4, 0x72, 0xC0,
    0xB7, 0xFD, 0x93, 0x26, 0x36, 0x3F, 0xF7, 0xCC, 0x34, 0xA5, 0xE5, 0xF1, 0x71, 0xD8, 0x31, 0x15,
    0x04, 0xC7, 0x23, 0xC3, 0x18, 0x96, 0x05, 0x9A, 0x07, 0x12, 0x80, 0xE2, 0xEB, 0x27, 0xB2, 0x75,
    0x09, 0x83, 0x2C, 0x1A, 0x1B, 0x6E, 0x5A, 0xA0, 0x52, 0x3B, 0xD6, 0xB3, 0x29, 0xE3, 0x2F, 0x84,
    0x53, 0xD1, 0x00, 0xED, 0x20, 0xFC, 0xB1, 0x5B, 0x6A, 0xCB, 0xBE, 0x39, 0x4A, 0x4C, 0x58, 0xCF,
    0xD0, 0xEF, 0xAA, 0xFB, 0x43, 0x4D, 0x33, 0x85, 0x45, 0xF9, 0x02, 0x7F, 0x50, 0x3C, 0x9F, 0xA8,
    0x51, 0xA3, 0x40, 0x8F, 0x92, 0x9D, 0x38, 0xF5, 0xBC, 0xB6, 0xDA, 0x21, 0x10, 0xFF, 0xF3, 0xD2,
    0xCD, 0x0C, 0x13, 0xEC, 0x5F, 0x97, 0x44, 0x17, 0xC4, 0xA7, 0x7E, 0x3D, 0x64, 0x5D, 0x19, 0x73,
    0x60, 0x81, 0x4F, 0xDC, 0x22, 0x2A, 0x90, 0x88, 0x46, 0xEE, 0xB8, 0x14, 0xDE, 0x5E, 0x0B, 0xDB,
    0xE0, 0x32, 0x3A, 0x0A, 0x49, 0x06, 0x24, 0x5C, 0xC2, 0xD3, 0xAC, 0x62, 0x91, 0x95, 0xE4, 0x79,
    0xE7, 0xC8, 0x37, 0x6D, 0x8D, 0xD5, 0x4E, 0xA9, 0x6C, 0x56, 0xF4, 0xEA, 0x65, 0x7A, 0xAE, 0x08,
    0xBA, 0x78, 0x25, 0x2E, 0x1C, 0xA6, 0xB4, 0xC6, 0xE8, 0xDD, 0x74, 0x1F, 0x4B, 0xBD, 0x8B, 0x8A,
    0x70, 0x3E, 0xB5, 0x66, 0x48, 0x03, 0xF6, 0x0E, 0x61, 0x35, 0x57, 0xB9, 0x86, 0xC1, 0x1D, 0x9E,
    0xE1, 0xF8, 0x98, 0x11, 0x69, 0xD9, 0x8E, 0x94, 0x9B, 0x1E, 0x87, 0xE9, 0xCE, 0x55, 0x28, 0xDF,
    0x8C, 0xA1, 0x89, 0x0D, 0xBF, 0xE6, 0x42, 0x68, 0x41, 0x99, 0x2D, 0x0F, 0xB0, 0x54, 0xBB, 0x16
)

permutation1 = []
permutation2 = []

i = 0
j1 = 0
j2 = 0


def generate_permutation(key):
    result = [0 for i in range(256)]
    for i in range(256):
        a = i
        b = key
        for r in range(3):
            a = Sbox[a ^ (b & 0xFF)]
            b >>= 8
        result[i] = a
    return result


def swap(list, a, b):
    x = list[a]
    list[a] = list[b]
    list[b] = x


def next_byte():
    global i
    global j1
    global j2

    i = (i + 1) % 256
    j1 = (j1 + permutation1[i]) % 256
    j2 = (j2 + permutation2[i]) % 256

    swap(permutation1, i, j1)
    swap(permutation2, i, j2)

    return permutation1[permutation1[i] ^ permutation1[j1]] ^ \
            permutation2[permutation2[i] ^ permutation2[j2]]


def xor_strings(xs, ys):
    return "".join(chr(ord(x) ^ ord(y)) for x, y in zip(xs, ys))


def main():
    global permutation1
    global permutation2
    permutation1 = generate_permutation(knownMsgIv)
    permutation2 = generate_permutation(flagMsgIv)

    # Xor the known message with both iv-streams
    # tmp = (m0 ^ k ^ iv0) ^ (iv0 ^ iv1) = m0 ^ k ^ iv1
    decoded = base64.b64decode(knownMsgCiphertext)
    tmp = "".join(chr(ord(x) ^ next_byte()) for x in decoded)

    # Xor tmp with the known message so tmp becomes the complete keystream for c1
    # tmp = (m0 ^ k ^ iv1) ^ m0 = k ^ iv1
    tmp = xor_strings(tmp, knownMsgPlaintext)

    # Decrypt the flag
    # flag = c1 ^ tmp = (m1 ^ k ^ iv1) ^ (k ^ iv1) = m1
    flag = xor_strings(tmp, base64.b64decode(flagMsgCiphertext))
    print 'Flag: ' + flag


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()